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What is Nosema?

  1. A disease of the adult honey bee caused by the protozoan Nosema apis. The microbe destroys the gut of the bee and severe infections result in malnutrition and dysentery.
  2. An illness that affects the digestive track in bees.
  3. An illness of the honey bee’s digestive track caused by the protozoan pathogen, Nosema apis. The disease can be controlled with an antibiotic (such as Fimigilin-B).


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What is Abdomen?The third region of the body of a bee enclosing the honey stomach, true stomach, intestine, sting, and reproductive organs.An entire colony of bees that abandons the hive because of disease, wax moth, or other maladies.The tracheal mite (different from the varroa mite). It lives in the tracheal air tubes and affects the bee’s breathing.

Alighting board

What is alighting board?Alighting board - slope in front of entrance for bees to land on before entering hive. Also known as a landing board.

Winter cluster

What is Winter cluster?A ball-like arrangement of adult bees within the hive during winter.A tightly packed cluster of bees that forms to maintain warmth during the colder winter months.